What is TMJ? 

Temporomandibular joints (TMJ) is the name for the joints which are located on each side of your head. These joints work with your muscles, ligaments, discs, and bones, enabling you to speak, chew and yawn. 

What is TMD? 

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMDs) are a group of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the temporomandibular joint (the jaw joint) and the muscles that control the movement of the jaw. TMD affects 1 in 3 people, but less than 7% will seek treatment. 

What are the symptoms of TMD?

Symptoms can include pain and tenderness around the jaw and face that is aggravated by chewing and yawning. You may feel that your jaw movements are restricted and/or hear noises such as clicking or popping. Youhearing may also be affected, and you may experience pain in other areas such as your neck, back and experience migraine and/or tension headaches.   

What are the causes of TMD? 

TMD is multifactorial, however, it is commonly associated with facial trauma, daytime oral habits (facial movements or clenching), nocturnal bruxism (grinding or clenching in your sleep), posture and even emotional stress. 

Can physiotherapy help TMD? 

Physiotherapy can be very helpful in treating and managing these symptoms.  You will be offered a one hour appointment that will include a thorough assessment and history taking. Your physiotherapist will ask you about your symptoms, assess your joint range and quality of movement. Treatment may consist of manual therapy, advice and education and exercises to retrain the movement patterns.  

We accept referrals from Consultants (ENT, Dentists and rheumatology for example), as well as self-referrals and referrals from GPs. Contact the physiotherapy department to find out more or to book an appointment. 

TMJ & TMD treatment specialist

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